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KARMA Deliverables

Work Package 1 - Project Management, Dissemination & Communication


Work Package 2 - Water availability


Work Package 3 - Water quality


Work Package 4 - Modeling tools


Work Package 5 - Mediterranean karst aquifer map & database



KARMA policy briefs


KARMA Publications

  • Cerasoli F, Fiasca B, Di Lorenzo T, Lombardi A, Tomassetti B, Lorenzi V, Vaccarelli I, Di Cicco M, Petitta M, Galassi DMP (2023) Assessing spatial and temporal changes in diversity of copepod crustaceans: a key step for biodiversity conservation in groundwater-fed springs. Frontiers in Environmental Sciences, Volume 11 - 2023.

  • Cinkus G, Mazzilli N, Jourde H, Wunsch A, Liesch T, Ravbar N, Chen Z, Goldscheider, N (2023) Technical note: When best is the enemy of good – critical evaluation of performance criteria in hydrological models. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Preprint.

  • Cinkus G, Wunsch A, Mazzilli N, Liesch T, Chen Z, Ravbar N, Doummar J, Fernández-Ortega J, Barberá JA, Andreo B, Goldscheider N, Jourde H (2023) Comparison of Artificial Neural Networks and Reservoir models for simulating karst spring discharge. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 27, 1961–1985.

  • Cinkus G, Mazzilli N, Jourde, H. (2021) Identification of relevant indicators for the assessment of karst systems hydrological functioning: proposal of a new classification. Journal of Hydrology, Volume 603, Part C, 127006.

  • Cinkus G, Mazzilli N, Jourde, H (2023) KarstID: An R Shiny application for the analysis of karst spring discharge time series and the classification of karst systems hydrological functioning. Environmental Earth Sciences Issue 82, 136.

  • Doummar J, Fahs M, Aoun M, ElGhawi R, Othman J, Alali M, Kassem HA (2022) Assessment of water quality and quantity of springs at a pilot-scale: Applications in semi-arid Mediterranean areas in Lebanon. American Geophysical Union books: Threats to Springs in a Changing World, 111-129.

  • Fahrmeier N, Goeppert N, Goldscheider N (2021) Comparative application and optimization of different single borehole dilution test techniques. Hydrogeology Journal, 29(1): 199–211.

  • Fahrmeier N, Goeppert N, Goldscheider N (2022) A novel probe for point injections in groundwater monitoring wells. Hydrogeology Journal, 30(3): 1021-1029.

  • Fandel C, Miville F, Ferré T, Goldscheider N, Renard P (2022) The stochastic simulation of karst conduit network structure using anisotropic fast marching, and its application to a geologically complex alpine karst system. Hydrogeology Journal, 30(3): 927–946.

  • Fernández-Ortega J, Barberá JA, Andreo B (2023). Implications of Tryptophan-Like-Fluorescence Long-Term Monitoring for Bacterial Detection in a Mountainous Karst Aquifer. In: Andreo B, Barberá JA, Durán-Valsero JJ, Gil-Márquez JM, Mudarra M (eds.) EuroKarst 2022, Málaga. Advances in Karst Science. Springer, Cham. pp 79–84.
  • Frank S, Fahrmeier N, Goeppert N, Goldscheider N (2022) High-resolution multi-parameter monitoring of microbial water quality and particles at two alpine karst springs as a basis for an early-warning system. Hydrogeology Journal 30, 2285-2298.
  • Goeppert N, Goldscheider N, Berkowitz B (2020) Experimental and modeling evidence of kilometer-scale anomalous tracer transport in an alpine karst aquifer. Water Research 178 (2020) 115755.
  • Lorenzi V, Sbarbati C, Banzato F, Lacchini A, Petitta M (2022) Recharge assessment of the Gran Sasso aquifer (Central Italy): Time-variable infiltration and influence of snow cover extension. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies, Volume 41, 101090.
  • Lorenzi V, Sbarbati C, Banzato F, Manetta M, Petitta M (2023) Updating the water budget of the Gran Sasso carbonate fractured/karstified aquifer (Central Italy) for a sustainable management of groundwater resources. In: Andreo B, Barberá JA, Durán-Valsero JJ, Gil-Márquez JM, Mudarra M (eds.) EuroKarst 2022, Málaga. Advances in Karst Science. Springer, Cham, pp.33-39.
  • Lorenzi V, Barberio MD, Sbarbati C, Petitta M (2023) Groundwater recharge distribution due to snow cover in shortage conditions (2019-22) on the Gran Sasso carbonate aquifer (Central Italy) Environmental Earth Sciences 82, 206.
  • Marín AI, Martín Rodríguez JF, Barberá JA, Fernández-Ortega J, Mudarra M, Sánchez D, and Andreo B (2021) Groundwater vulnerability to pollution in karst aquifers, considering key challenges and considerations: application to the Ubrique springs in southern Spain. Hydrogeology Journal 29, 379–396.

  • Martín-Rodríguez JF, Mudarra M, De la Torre B, Andreo B (2023) Towards a better understanding of time-lags in karst aquifers by combining hydrological analysis tools and dye tracer tests. Application to a binary karst aquifer in southern Spain. Journal of Hydrology, Volume 621.
  • Medici G, Lorenzi V, Sbarbati C, Manetta M, Petitta M (2023) Structural Classification, Discharge Statistics, and Recession Analysis from the Springs of the Gran Sasso (Italy) Carbonate Aquifer; Comparison with Selected Analogues Worldwide. Sustainability, 15, 125
  • Siegel, L,  Goldscheider, N, Petitta, M, Xanke, J, Andreo, B, Bakalowicz, M, Barberá, JA, Bouhlila, R, Burg, A, Doummar, J, Ezzine, I, Fernández-Ortega, J, Ghanmi, M, Jourde, H, Marín, AI, Mhimdi, A, Pipan, T, Ravbar, N, Stevanović, AM, Stevanović, Z (2023) Distribution, threats and protection of selected karst groundwater-dependent ecosystems in the Mediterranean region. 2023. In press, Hydrogeology Journal.
  • Sivellle, V, Cinkus, G, Mazzilli, N, Labat, D, Arfib B, Massei, N, Cousquer Y, Bertin D, Jourde, H (2023) Improvement of the KarstMod modeling platform for a better assessment of karst groundwater resources. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Preprint.
  • Wunsch A, Liesch T, Cinkus G, Ravbar N, Chen Z, Mazzilli N, Jourde H, Goldscheider N (2022) Karst spring discharge modeling based on deep learning using spatially distributed input data. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 26, 2405–2430.
  • Xanke, J, Liesch, T (2022) Quantification and possible causes of declining groundwater resources in the Euro-Mediterranean region from 2003 to 2020. Hydrogeology Journal 30, 379–400.
  • Xanke J, Goldscheider N, Bakalowicz M, Barberá JA, Broda S, Chen Z, Ghanmi M, Günther A, Hartmann A, Jourde H, Liesch T, Mudarra M, Petitta M, Ravbar N, Stevanović Z (2022) Mediterranean karst aquifer map (MEDKAM), 1:5,000,000. Berlin, Karlsruhe, Paris.